Conform because closely as you can to the recommendations below with all the information available, unless encouraged otherwise by the trainer

Conform because closely as you can to the recommendations below with all the information available, unless encouraged otherwise by the trainer

While you conduct your quest, its useful to keep an eye on information such as for instance:

  • Image creator’s name (artist, professional professional photographer, etc.)
  • Title associated with image
  • Date the image (or work represented by the image) was made
  • Date the image had been posted online
  • Date of access (the date you accessed the online image)
  • Organization (gallery, museum) where in actuality the image is located/owned (if applicable)
  • Site and/or Database title

For more information about citation, consult our Writing & Style Guides.

Citing images in MLA 8th ed.

Instead of supplying strict directions on how best to format a citation for particular kinds of sources, the 8 th edition of MLA outlines a universal pair of basic recommendations that may be placed on any supply kind.

Within MLA, if the supply being documented forms an integral part of a more substantial entire, the more expensive entire could be regarded as a container that holds the source. Often, there could be one or more container (eg. A tv show on Netflix, or an e-book available on Google publications).

In-text citation

To cite a graphic you aquired online, make use of the italicized image name or basic description in your text, and then cite it utilizing the first take into account the works cited entry.

  • The Dream (Rousseau) baffled art critics whenever it debuted in 1910, simple months ahead of the artist’s death in September of this 12 months.
  • As illustrated in Three Planets Dance over Los Angeles Silla (Beletsky), the occurrence of ‘syzygy’ is whenever bodies that are celestial when you look at the sky.

Incorporating pictures to the text of the paper

  • Spot the citation straight away underneath the figure.
  • All illustrative visual product (e.g., a photo, map, graph or chart) except musical pictures a part of your paper should really be labeled « Fig, » assigned a number and provided a caption.
  • If complete information that is bibliographical the origin regarding the dining dining table or example is supplied when you look at the caption, plus the supply just isn’t mentioned in your paper, you certainly do not need to incorporate an entry when it comes to supply when you look at the set of works cited.
  • Make reference to the figure in-text and offer an Arabic numeral that corresponds to your figure. Try not to capitalize figure or fig. (eg. “See fig. 1”)
  • Underneath the figure, offer a label title and its particular arabic that is corresponding numeralno bold or italics), accompanied by an interval ( e.g. Fig. 1.). Here, Figure and Fig. are capitalized.
  • Cite tables and numbers based on regular MLA guidelines except:
    • Utilize commas in place of durations whenever citing tables and numbers, aside from the time by the end regarding the citation.
    • If you offer complete bibliographic details in a caption, transform the periods usually utilized following the components of a works-cited-list entry into semicolons.
    • The medium of book and materials of structure, if crucial that you your conversation, might be included during the end regarding the entry as optional elements.
    • Format the writer’s title using the provided title ahead of the grouped household title, ( ag e.g. Jane Smith, maybe perhaps not Smith, Jane).
    • A note on title format: a name is positioned in quote markings in the event that supply is a component of a more substantial work. a name is italicized (or underlined if italics are unavailable or unwanted) if the supply is independent and self-contained. The name of this container is usually italicized and it is accompanied by a comma, considering that the information which comes next describes the container. Make use of your best judgment.
    • An email on date positioning: For date posted on the web, stick to the format below. In the event that you would also like to cite the date a picture (eg. artwork) ended up being produced, you are able to put that date in a “optional element” spot after the title.

Make use of the following structure as a guideline

  • Fig. 1. Author (first, last); « Title »; Container, date, Address; medium (if relevant).

MLA in-text citation instance

The trend of ‘syzygy’ (see fig. 1.) into the sky over Chile night.

Fig. 1. Yuri Beletsky; “Three Planets Dance over Los Angeles Silla”; European Observatory that is southern June 2013, https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/; photograph.

Works cited

Make use of the following structure as a guideline

  • Writer (last, very first). « Title. » Container, date, Address. Accessed date.
  • Beletsky, Yuri. « Three Planets Dance over Los Angeles Silla. » European Southern Observatory, 3 2013, https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/ june. Accessed 22 Mar. 2019.

More assistance with MLA

The MLA Style Center, the Purdue MLA guide, or contact your liaison librarian for more instructions regarding MLA citation style and its core elements, please see the SFU MLA guide.

Citing pictures in APA 6th ed.

In-text citation

To cite a graphic you aquired online, make use of the image title or perhaps a basic description in your text, and then cite it utilizing the informative essay outline very very first aspect in the works cited entry and date.

Example

  • The Dream (Rousseau, 1910) baffled art experts whenever it debuted, simple months prior to the musician’s death in September of that 12 months.

Incorporating pictures to the text of one’s paper

  • Into the text, make reference to numbers by their quantity (i.e., Figure 1 or Figure 2). Never make reference to numbers as « the figure below » or « the figure above. »
  • The figure # is in its original resource as it would appear, numbered consecutively, in your paper – not the figure # assigned to it.
  • Quantity the numbers consecutively, starting with Figure 1.
  • Each figure will need to have a complete bibliographic entry in your Reference List.
  • Put the figure near as you are able to towards the right section of text referencing it, unless otherwise instructed by the trainer.
  • Centre the image within the paper.
  • offer a description that is brief of image. The caption should act as both an explanation and title.

APA in-text citation instance

The occurrence of ‘syzygy’ (see Figure 1) when you look at the night sky over Chile.

Figure 1. Syzygy (whenever three or maybe more bodies that are celestial within the sky) visible above an observatory in Chile. From Three Planets Dance over Los Angeles Silla, by Y. Beletsky, 2013, https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/. Copyright 2013 by Y. Beletsky/ESO.

Recommendations list

Make use of the following structure as a guideline

  • Creator’s Final Title, First Initial. (of creation) year. Title of description or image of image. Type of work. Retrieved from URL/database.
  • Beletsky, Y. (2013). Three planets dance over Los Angeles Silla. Photograph. Retrieved from https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/.
  • Irish, J. (2019). Sequoia national park. Photograph. Retrieved from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/destinations/north-america/united-states/61-national-parks-photos/#/giant-tree-trail-sequoia-national-park.jpg.
  • Drewes, W. (n.d.). Frog and insects (no.200). Painting. Retrieved from https://www.si.edu/object/saam_1968.9.50.
  • Simon Fraser University @simonfraseru. (2019, January 23). Foggy at the #Burnaby campus day. #sfu#sfugram#university Instagram photograph. Retrieved from https://www.instagram.com/p/Bs_fr0gA-eH/

More assistance with APA

For lots more instructions regarding APA citation design and its particular core elements, please see the SFU APA guide, the APA Style weblog the Purdue APA guide, or contact your liaison librarian.

Citing pictures in Chicago/Turabian 17th ed.

Remember that Chicago style describes two distinct citation styles—Notes/bibliography design and Author/date style—and that this guide covers only Notes/Bibliography style.

Footnotes and endnotes

  • Details about paintings, photographs, sculptures, or other pieces of art can frequently be presented in the writing in place of in an email or bibliography. 14.235
  • If bibliography or note entry is needed, proceed with the guidelines below.

1. First Name Last title of creator, Title of Perform, date of creation or conclusion, medium, Name of organization, location (if relevant), Address.

As illustrated in Three Planets Dance over La Silla 1 , the event of ‘syzygy’ occurs when celestial figures align when you look at the sky|The phenomenon of ‘syzygy’ is when celestial bodies align in the sky as illustrated in Three Planets Dance over La Silla 1.

1. Yuri Beletsky, Three Planets Dance over La Silla, June 3, 2013, picture, European Southern Observatory, https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/.

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